Dandruff is a situation of the scalp that causes flakes of skin to appear. It is often accompanied by itching.

The accurate cause is unknown, but various factors enlarge the risk. It is not connected to poor hygiene, but it may be more visible if a person does not wash or brush their hair often. Dandruff can be embarrassing and hard to treat, but help is available.

Fast facts on dandruff

Here are some key points about dandruff. More detail is the main article.

  • Dandruff is a common situation, but it can be embarrassing and hard to treat.
  • It is not connected to hygiene, but washing and brushing the hair can help remove old skin flakes.
  • Risk factors contain having certain skin or medical situation and the use of inappropriate hair products.
  • Various treatments are available over the counter, but more severe cases should be seen by a doctor

Home remedies

The strategy will depend the patient’s age and the severity of the situation. However, there are some lifestyle changes and home remedies that can help; these include:

Managing stress: stress can trigger dandruff in some people, so managing it better can decrease symptoms.

Shampoo more often: if you have oily hair and scalp, washing daily can help.

Sunlight: a little exposure to sunlight can be helpful.

Tea tree oil: although there is little evidence, some people believe that preparations that contain tea tree oil help decrease symptoms of dandruff. It can cause allergic reactions in some people, so use caution


Shampoos and scalp products are available over the counter at most stores and pharmacies. These can control seborrhea dermatitis, but they cannot cure it.

Shampoos and scalp preparations

Before using an anti-fungal shampoo, individuals should carefully try to take away any scaly or crusty patches on the scalp, as far as possible; this will make the shampoo more effective. Dandruff shampoo is available to purchase online. Products are also available to treat dandruff in the beard.